Wheat, Oat and Barley Testing in New York
Below are the results of our small grains regional trials and the cumulative summaries over years. Because the rankings of the varieties and lines often change from year to year, only the multiple year summaries should be considered to be useful indicators of varietal performance in this region. Reproduction of any table in this report must include the entire table unless we approve the editing. The information herein is provided with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by Cornell University or its employees is implied.
Yield Trial Summary Reports
The Soft Red Winter Wheat and the Spring Oat regional trials are generally grown in four locations while the Spring Barley regional's are grown in three locations. The wheat and oat trials near Ithaca consist of 2 replicates while those out in the state consisted of 3 replicates. All spring barley trials have 3 replicates. All trial plots are 6 row plots 4 meters long with 18 cm between rows. Prior to harvest, the plots are trimmed to 3 meters and harvested with a plot combine. Disease and lodging notes were recorded on a 0 to 9 scale with 0 being the best and 9 the poorest. All trials are planted in a randomized complete block design and analyzed by standard ANOVA. If there are indications of within replicate field variation a second ANOVA using a nearest-neighbor adjustment is computed based on the nearest 8-plot mean. If the coefficient of variation is reduced and the variance due to genotypes the same or increased, those adjusted means are used for the summary. All trials are fertilized according to soil test recommendations for small grains. Winter grains generally receive a top dress of 38 kg/h (34 lbs/a) of actual N in the spring.
Fee Testing Programs:
I am sure you are aware of the financial difficulties we are experiencing in New York State. This has resulted in major budget cuts across the state as well as at Cornell. The budget reductions have filtered down to departments and programs. As a result, our breeding program has to become self-supporting within the next few months. Because of the limited small grains acreage in New York and the dramatic shift to soft red winter wheat, we have been forced to make some difficult decisions concerning the funding of our breeding program.
- We are eliminating the fee testing program for soft white winter wheat immediately and phasing out white wheat breeding over the next few years.
- For the 2013-2014 crop year, the testing fee for red winter wheat and triticale will be $750 per entry for private varieties and the spring wheat, spring oat, and spring barley will be $600 per entry for private varieties.
- For varieties and lines from public programs, we will test high performing entries from the uniform nurseries for wheat and oats in our regional trials at no charge provided that the royalties from varieties marketed in New York are shared 50:50 with our breeding program. We already have this kind of working agreement with some public breeders. As always, I will contact the breeder of any line that we wish to evaluated more extensively in New York.
We will revisit this policy again next year and make adjustments where necessary. Thank you very much for your excellent cooperation.
Our wheat, oat, and barley trials are available to private companies that may want to test their lines and varieties more extensively in New York State. Our spring barley fee testing program has been in operation since 1982 and consists of a three location trial with three replicates per location. Our winter wheat (includes triticale) and spring oat regional trials consist of 4 locations with 2 replicates at 2 of the locations and 3 replicates at the other 2. For planting we need at least 1.2kg of wheat, 800g of oat, or 700g of barley untreated if possible. We routinely record data on winter survival (winter wheat) heading date, plant height, physiologic maturity, yield and test weight at local locations but only grain yield, test weight and lodging for remote locations. We score any diseases that can be assessed accurately. Samples of all wheat lines are sent to Wooster for milling and baking quality evaluation. The fee is $750 per variety (includes all locations) for red winter wheat and triticale and $600 per variety for spring grains. Turn around time for data on the wheat is about 2 weeks after harvest but we normally wait until the winter grains are planted to distribute the spring grains summaries. If your company would like to place entries in our red winter grains trials, contact me by August 15 preferably by e-mail or fax. We normally begin planting winter grains by mid September. For spring grains, we need to know what entries you wish to test by March 1.
Our testing program depends on being able to test new varieties in the areas where they will be grown under actual farming conditions. We gratefully acknowledge the farmers who have provided us with a test site for our regional trials. Without their support we would not be able to provide accurate, unbiased test results. Extension specialists Nate Harendeen and Mike Stanyard have been instrumental in arranging test sites, field days, and information distribution. Also, we thank Drs. Gary C. Bergstrom, William J. Cox, and Margaret Smith, extension faculty in the Departments of Plant Pathology, Crop and Soil Sciences, and Plant Breeding & Genetics for their excellent cooperation and support.