Co-firing biomass as a secondary fuel in a coal-burning power plant using high-sulfur coal could help reduce sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions. Also, Co-firing decreases net carbon dioxide emissions from the power plant (if the biomass fuel comes from a sustainable source). Co-firing may require wood fuel preparation or boiler modifications to maintain boiler efficiency.
Grass pellet energy is a promising alternative for rural communities. Perennial grass production is an efficient use of low-cost marginal farmland. Pelletized grass biofuel has the potential to become a major affordable, unsubsidized fuel source capable of meeting home and small business heating requirements.
Biobricks are being manufactured in Berlin, CT from wood byproducts and are being delivered throughout New England. These bricks can be burned in traditional woodstoves and fireplaces. Test runs have recently been completed at the manufacturing plant using perennial grasses and combinations of saw dust and perennial grasses to make biobricks.